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Strategies for Socio-Economic Development in Pakistan

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The Real development transforms people’s lives not just reflect the economic statistics meant to impress the public that Government has undertaken various development projects to improve the living standards, but it would make no sense if human Development Index paints a  dismal picture since Countries Like Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are seen well ahead of Us in HDI rankings calling for gigantic Steps on war footing basis to improve our HDI, Economic and Social Development Indicators.

As per Statistics of United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Pakistan ranks 150 as per statistics of the last year 2017, whereas India and Bangladesh retain their upward trends since Pakistan slipped down from the Rank # 117 in 1994 and ranked at the bottom 150. This is really terrible as, despite the passage of 71 Years of Independence, our policies have failed miserably to boost the human development indicators and socio-economic uplift in our country.

Each year, billions of rupees are allocated for the development projects as proposed by the legislators at Provincial and National level, yet these development projects have so far failed to enhance the country’s human development outlook since these development projects are targeted towards benefitting the big fish rather than bringing any change in the downtrodden masses as real development means more than that, not just economic number game .

Most of the developing countries focus on education, health, Rule of Law and Peace since these are the driving forces to change the troubling figures of HDI and contribute largely to the sustainable development where people are ready to accept change and sustain it for the long run.

The failed policies of development are the main causes that led to stagnant development as, before the launch of any new product or service, a company or firm trains the staff to learn the complexities and then launch it for the mass public through its marketing force.

The developed means to tap or harness the resources to bring in a social economic and political change that boosts the economy and brings prosperity to the country. Real Development also means that if you believe that any community needs anything from the Government; it must be provided to them given the circumstances. The timely provision will stop the issue from further aggravation but in case of delay, it may lead to anti-government sentiments and the government may start losing its hold over the public affairs.

We have been habitual or have become used to the idea that getting foreign development aid or grants will help develop our poverty-ridden areas especially the rural areas and the slums in urban cities but real development starts with self-development, self-reliance, education and health. The state can provide the infrastructure such as roads, electrification, water supply Healthcare, schools, colleges and universities but to use all these resources we have to focus on our self-development goals and tap the resources as per the desired requirements.

Suppose, if we want to educate our children then we should send our children to school to get education and training. Inversely, if we are reluctant to send our children to school and prefer sending them to work as child labour then we cannot blame the government for this since our way of thinking has not changed though, the infrastructure has changed and the Government has fulfilled its promise of providing basic facilities to its people at their convenience and on need-based policy.

The modern development entails four major aspects these are Equality, participation, Empowerment and sustainability. It means that whatever the development initiatives are undertaken, these must make sure that these are carried on equality basis by promoting participatory development approaches and empowering people to have their say socially, economically and politically that may create the basis of sustainability of such endeavours.

The development and economic experts are of the view that genuine advancement should change the individual living standards and it should not be limited to have simple monetary benefits.

Pakistan has carried out some socio-economic initiatives such as BISP, Pakistan Baitul Maal and other poverty reduction initiatives but these programs and projects are aimed at providing the fish rather than the hook it is a rather flawed strategy.

The monetary grants will never serve as solutions for poverty reduction strategies rather make the poor community dependent on these cash grants that will ultimately destroy their abilities. The Government should impart some technical skills and fund their small enterprises through which the have-nots may generate income and change their financial ability that may raise their economic level to self-reliance.

The socio-economic programs should not be aimed at creating beggary or mockery or greed for money violating cultural norms but these should be directed to income generation and skill development.

To bring real development, we need to study various development models of various nations to know that how these countries transformed the lives of people and brought lasting change by implementing effective development policies. In this regard, we can use the development or advancement models of China, Malaysia and Sri Lanka to find out the workable and feasible trends suiting Pakistan’ Development strategies given the current circumstances.

Besides advancements, we can also study these models to explore their strategies which helped increase the literacy rate and education standards in these countries.

The formative development policies must be people-centric devoid of other political reasons. The development policies must be comprehensive to attract people’s attention and transform their social-economic living standards.

The Government in this regard should come up with clear policy by taking all the stakeholders i.e NGOs, INGOs including UNDP and World Bank Experts, development and economic Experts, legislators and policy think tanks such as Sustainable development Policy Institute (SDPI), Institute of Policy Studies   (IPS), Prime Institute, SPDC, PIDE, IDEAS-LUMS, NSPP, PITAD and IPRI for policy advice and suggesting strategies that may help Pakistan get out of the crisis.

The International Development organizations, Policy Think Tanks and Planning bodies such as Planning Commission of Pakistan may work out on the plan and may help government devise sustainable Development policy that works for many reasons as in past the flawed policies have dragged the country into the quagmire of Socio-Economic issues causing economic crisis and increasing the debt burden over GDP.

It is high time that we need to address these issues on time, else the circumstances will further aggravate the already dismal situation; Then, it will be beyond our control to find out a remedy or solution for it. The Experts may be taken on board at the national, provincial and District level to form socio-economic development strategies that may bring the real development in the country and the may reap the benefits of the economic boom.

The real development index (RDI)and the Human Development Index (HDI) rankings will only improve if the government and people be on the same page. The people and opinion leaders must identify the gaps through their voice and write-ups so that the same may be filled to fuel the development planning strategies with sustainable initiatives to raise our bottom rankings to higher scales of development.

We have to mull over the Socio-economic models of the countries that have achieved tremendous advancement in Poverty Reduction Strategies, human and economic development rankings.

In this regard, Chinese model may be ideal to get rid of poverty monster and raise the income levels of people so that a lasting change should be brought by tapping the existing resources and providing the basic facilities that may become the hallmark of change and development and setting examples for those who follow these footsteps.

Business

PwC Australia’s culture attacked in tax leak scandal report

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On September 27, 2023, PwC Australia released a report on the tax leak scandal that has rocked the firm in recent months. The report, which was conducted by former Telstra CEO Ziggy Switkowski, found that PwC’s culture had contributed to the scandal.

The report found that PwC’s culture was characterized by a focus on “growth at all costs” and a “win at all costs” mentality. This culture led to a number of problems, including:

  • Partners overlooking rule-breaking by ‘rainmaker’ colleagues in pursuit of revenue growth.
  • A failure to adequately supervise and train staff.
  • A lack of transparency and accountability.
  • A fear of speaking up about wrongdoing.

The report also found that PwC’s culture had led to the development of a “shadow culture” within the firm. This shadow culture was characterized by a number of unethical and unprofessional behaviours, including:

  • Backstabbing and sabotage.
  • Bullying and intimidation.
  • Discrimination and harassment.
  • The use of drugs and alcohol.

The report found that the shadow culture had contributed to the tax leak scandal by creating an environment in which employees were more likely to engage in unethical behaviour.

The Switkowski report made a number of recommendations for how PwC can improve its culture. These recommendations include:

  • Adopting a new set of values that emphasize integrity, transparency, and accountability.
  • Implementing new policies and procedures to prevent unethical behaviour.
  • Providing better training and supervision for staff.
  • Creating a more open and inclusive culture where employees feel comfortable speaking up about wrongdoing.

PwC has said that it will implement all of the recommendations in the Switkowski report. However, it will take time for the firm to change its culture. In the meantime, PwC needs to do more to convince its clients and the public that it is serious about addressing the problems that have been identified in the report.

The impact of PWC’s culture on the tax leak scandal

PwC’s culture played a significant role in the tax leak scandal. The firm’s focus on growth at all costs and its win-at-all-costs mentality created an environment in which employees were more likely to engage in unethical behaviour.

The shadow culture that developed within PwC also contributed to the scandal. This shadow culture was characterized by a number of unethical and unprofessional behaviours, such as backstabbing, sabotage, bullying, intimidation, discrimination, harassment, and the use of drugs and alcohol.

The shadow culture made it more difficult for ethical employees to speak up about wrongdoing. This is because ethical employees were often afraid of being retaliated against by their colleagues or their superiors.

As a result of PwC’s culture, the firm was unable to prevent the tax leak scandal from happening. The firm also failed to adequately respond to the scandal when it did occur.

What PwC can do to improve its culture?

PwC needs to take a number of steps to improve its culture. These steps include:

  • Adopting a new set of values that emphasize integrity, transparency, and accountability. PwC’s current values focus too much on growth and profits. The firm needs to adopt a new set of values that put ethics and the public interest first.
  • Implementing new policies and procedures to prevent unethical behaviour. PwC needs to implement new policies and procedures that make it more difficult for employees to engage in unethical behaviour. For example, the firm could implement a policy that requires all employees to report any suspected wrongdoing to their supervisor.
  • Providing better training and supervision for staff. PwC needs to provide better training and supervision for its staff on ethics and professional conduct. The firm also needs to create a culture where employees feel comfortable speaking up about wrongdoing without fear of retaliation.
  • Creating a more open and inclusive culture. PwC needs to create a more open and inclusive culture where employees feel comfortable speaking up about wrongdoing. The firm also needs to take steps to address the shadow culture that has developed within the firm.

Conclusion

PwC’s culture has contributed to the tax leak scandal that has rocked the firm in recent months. The firm’s focus on growth at all costs and its win-at-all-costs mentality created an environment in which employees were more likely to engage in unethical behavior.

The shadow culture that developed within PwC also contributed to the scandal. This shadow culture was characterized by a number of unethical and unprofessional behaviors, such as backstabbing, sabotage, bullying, intimidation, discrimination, harassment, and the use of drugs and alcohol.

PwC needs to take a number of steps to improve its culture. These steps include adopting a new set of values that emphasize integrity, transparency

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AI

Abu Dhabi Throws a Surprise Challenger into the AI Race

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an artist s illustration of artificial intelligence ai this image depicts how ai could adapt to an infinite amount of uses it was created by nidia dias as part of the visualising ai pr

Introduction

In the fast-paced world of artificial intelligence (AI), where Silicon Valley has long been the epicentre of innovation, a new contender has emerged from the Middle East to challenge the status quo. Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, has thrown a surprise challenger into the AI race, making significant strides in research, development, and investment in this transformative technology. This blog post explores how Abu Dhabi is positioning itself as a formidable player in the global AI landscape, and the implications of this unexpected development.

1. The Rise of Abu Dhabi in AI

Abu Dhabi, known for its opulent skyline and thriving oil industry, has been steadily diversifying its economy over the past decade. As part of its ambitious Vision 2030 plan, the Emirate has set its sights on becoming a global technology and innovation hub, and AI is central to this vision.

2. Investments in AI Infrastructure

One of the key reasons behind Abu Dhabi’s rapid rise in AI is its substantial investments in infrastructure. The establishment of world-class research centres and innovation hubs, such as the Abu Dhabi AI Institute (ADAI), has created an ecosystem conducive to AI development. These institutions collaborate with global AI leaders and attract top talent from around the world.

3. Strategic Partnerships

Abu Dhabi has also formed strategic partnerships with leading AI companies and organizations. These collaborations enable knowledge sharing and provide access to cutting-edge AI technologies. Notable partnerships include agreements with Google’s DeepMind and OpenAI, facilitating joint research projects and talent exchange programs.

4.AI Research and Development

Abu Dhabi’s commitment to AI goes beyond mere infrastructure and partnerships. The Emirate has actively engaged in groundbreaking research and development projects, contributing to AI advancements on a global scale.

5.Focus on Ethical AI

In a time when ethical concerns around AI are gaining prominence, Abu Dhabi has taken a proactive stance. The ADAI, in collaboration with international experts, is actively researching ethical AI frameworks, ensuring that AI technologies developed in the region align with global standards and values.

6.AI Applications

Abu Dhabi is also exploring diverse applications of AI across various sectors. From healthcare and finance to transportation and energy, AI is being integrated into existing industries to enhance efficiency and productivity. For example, AI-powered predictive maintenance in the oil and gas sector has significantly reduced downtime and maintenance costs.

7.AI in Government and Public Services

What sets Abu Dhabi apart is its integration of AI into government services and public infrastructure, leading to tangible benefits for its citizens and residents.

8. Smart City Initiatives

The Emirate’s Smart City initiatives leverage AI to enhance urban planning, transportation, and public safety. From traffic management systems that optimize traffic flow to AI-powered surveillance for enhanced security, Abu Dhabi is creating a safer and more efficient urban environment.

9. Healthcare Transformation

Abu Dhabi’s healthcare sector has witnessed a significant transformation through AI. The integration of AI in diagnosis and treatment planning has not only improved patient outcomes but also reduced healthcare costs. AI-driven telemedicine platforms are providing convenient and accessible healthcare services to the population.

10.AI Education and Talent Development

To fuel its AI ambitions, Abu Dhabi is heavily investing in education and talent development.

11. World-Class Universities

Abu Dhabi is home to several world-class universities, such as New York University Abu Dhabi and Khalifa University, which offer cutting-edge AI programs. These institutions attract top talent and produce graduates well-equipped to contribute to the AI field.

12. International Collaboration

Abu Dhabi’s AI institutes actively collaborate with leading global institutions to facilitate knowledge exchange and skill development. This collaboration extends to organizing international AI conferences, workshops, and hackathons, which foster innovation and creativity.

13.The Economic Impact of Abu Dhabi’s AI Push

Abu Dhabi’s AI initiatives are not only about technological advancement but also about economic diversification and sustainability.

14. Economic Diversification

Historically reliant on oil revenues, Abu Dhabi is proactively diversifying its economy. AI-driven industries, including technology startups and research-driven enterprises, are emerging as significant contributors to the Emirate’s GDP.

15. Job Creation

The AI sector in Abu Dhabi is creating a multitude of job opportunities for both Emiratis and expatriates. From AI researchers and data scientists to software engineers and AI ethics experts, there is a growing demand for talent in various AI-related roles.

16. Challenges and Future Prospects

Despite its rapid progress, Abu Dhabi faces several challenges on its AI journey.

17. Global Competition

Abu Dhabi’s entrance into the AI race means it competes with established players like the United States, China, and Europe. Maintaining competitiveness in this highly dynamic field will require sustained investments and innovation.

18. Ethical Concerns

As AI technologies continue to advance, ethical considerations become increasingly important. Abu Dhabi must navigate complex ethical questions and ensure that AI development adheres to global standards.

Conclusion

Abu Dhabi’s surprise emergence as a challenger in the global AI race is a testament to its commitment to innovation, economic diversification, and sustainable development. Through investments in infrastructure, research, and talent development, the Emirate has rapidly positioned itself as a significant player in the AI landscape. While challenges lie ahead, Abu Dhabi’s dedication to ethical AI and its strategic approach to partnerships and collaborations make it a formidable contender in shaping the future of artificial intelligence. As the AI race continues to evolve, Abu Dhabi’s contributions are sure to play a pivotal role in shaping the industry’s trajectory.

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Business

10 Business Development Tips for Prospective Entrepreneurs

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Introduction

Starting a business can be an exciting and fulfilling journey. However, it can also be challenging and uncertain, especially for prospective entrepreneurs. To help you navigate the world of business development and increase your chances of success, we have compiled 10 essential tips for aspiring entrepreneurs like yourself. Whether you are launching a startup or looking to grow an existing business, these tips will steer you in the right direction.

1. Start with a Solid Business Plan

A well-crafted business plan is the foundation of any successful business venture. It outlines your mission, vision, and objectives, and includes a detailed analysis of your target market, competition, and financial projections. A solid business plan will guide your decisions, help you secure funding, and keep you on track as you navigate the challenges of entrepreneurship.

2. Understand Your Target Market

To effectively develop and market your products or services, you need a deep understanding of your target market. Conduct market research to identify your ideal customer profile, their needs, pain points, and purchasing behaviour. This knowledge will enable you to tailor your offerings to meet their demands and gain a competitive advantage.

3. Build a Strong Online Presence

In today’s digital age, building a strong online presence is crucial for attracting customers and growing your business. Create a professional website that is user-friendly and visually appealing. Optimize it for search engines to increase your visibility online. Engage with your target audience through compelling content, social media marketing, and email newsletters. Leverage the power of online advertising to reach a wider audience.

4. Foster Innovation and Adaptability

Innovation is key to staying ahead in a rapidly evolving business landscape. Encourage a culture of innovation within your organization by promoting creativity, empowering employees to share ideas, and rewarding entrepreneurial thinking. Additionally, remain adaptable and open to change. Be willing to pivot your strategies based on market feedback and emerging trends.

5. Develop Strong Networking Skills

Networking plays a vital role in business development. Building relationships with industry professionals, potential customers, and other entrepreneurs can open doors to new opportunities, partnerships, and collaborations. Attend industry events, join business organizations, and engage in online communities to expand your network. Remember, meaningful connections can lead to valuable insights and growth opportunities.

6. Focus on Customer Relationship Management

Delivering exceptional customer experiences and building strong relationships is crucial for business success. Treat your customers as your most valuable asset. Provide personalized and prompt customer support, listen to their feedback, and continuously improve your products or services to meet their expectations. Happy and satisfied customers become loyal advocates who can drive further growth through word-of-mouth referrals.

7. Invest in Continuous Learning

The world of business is constantly evolving. To stay ahead of the curve, invest in continuous learning. Attend workshops, conferences, and seminars to acquire new knowledge and skills. Take advantage of online resources, industry publications, and podcasts to stay updated on the latest trends, developments, and best practices in your field. As an entrepreneur, your ability to adapt and grow is crucial to long-term success.

8. Seek Mentorship and Guidance

Seeking the guidance of experienced mentors can provide invaluable insights and support throughout your entrepreneurial journey. Look for mentors who have experience in your industry or have successfully built businesses themselves. Their advice and guidance can help you avoid common pitfalls, make better decisions, and accelerate your business growth.

9. Embrace Strategic Partnerships

Strategic partnerships can be a powerful catalyst for business development. Look for complementary businesses or individuals with whom you can collaborate to achieve mutual growth and shared objectives. By leveraging each other’s strengths, you can access new markets, expand your customer base, and jointly develop innovative products or services.

10. Prioritize Self-Care and Well-being

Entrepreneurship can be demanding and stressful, often leading to burnout if not managed properly. Prioritize self-care and well-being to maintain your physical and mental health. Establish work-life balance, practice stress management techniques, and surround yourself with a supportive network of family, friends, and peers. Remember, taking care of yourself is essential for your long-term success as an entrepreneur.

Conclusion

These 10 business development tips provide a solid foundation for prospective entrepreneurs looking to embark on their entrepreneurial journeys. By starting with a solid business plan, understanding the market, building a strong online presence, fostering innovation, developing networking skills, focusing on customer relationships, investing in continuous learning, seeking mentorship, embracing partnerships, and prioritizing self-care, you can equip yourself with the tools and knowledge needed to thrive in the competitive world of business. Remember, perseverance, passion, and a willingness to adapt are key ingredients for entrepreneurial success. Good luck with your exciting business development journey!

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