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SECP revamps IPO regime to attract new listings

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The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) has revamped initial public offering (IPO) regime to make the IPO process simple, cost effective and more efficient. The amendments in IPO Regulations 2017, have been made after thorough consultation with market participants with an objective to promote capital formation by facilitating issuers and safeguarding the interest of general public by enhancing disclosures. In the new set of regulations, the objective eligibility criteria for listing of companies have been simplified to promote capital formation through securities market.

Moreover, the issuers that have a track-record of less than three years and were not making profit from last two years are allowed to raise capital from securities market. However, such Issuers are required to submit a business plan and provide enhanced risk disclosures in the offering document for prospective investors. Further, with perspective of providing ease and reducing cost of IPOs, the requirement of submitting audited accounts has been reduced from 5 to 2 years. In addition, the time frame relating to submission of progress report by the Issuer has been increased from quarterly to half yearly basis. To safeguard the interest of the general public, certain parameters for green field projects (GFPs) have been introduced.

The said parameters include: (i) At least 51% equity contribution by the sponsors; (ii) successful business track record of the sponsors; (iii) experience and skills of the management to run GFP; (iv) mandatory financial close; (v)risk-based disclosure in the offering document etc. Further, an exit offer mechanism has been introduced to protect the investors in case of change in the principal purpose of the issue. In order to encourage foreign investment in the country, the Book Runner has been allowed to waive the margin requirement of the institutional investors including foreign investors.

Moreover, related parties have been allowed to perform different roles in the same IPO Transaction. The new IPO regime is a shift towards disclosure-based regime. Disclosures pertaining to principal purpose of the issue, risk factors, share capital, financial information, management of the issuer, legal proceedings and overdue loans are made part of the prospectus. A new section Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan NICL Building, 63 Jinnah Avenue, Islamabad Tel: 051-9214005 titled summary of the Prospectus has been introduced to help investors better understand the offering document. Moreover, to facilitate small enterprises, startups and Greenfield companies that aspire to raise funds through capital markets, the SECP has already introduced an alternate board namely Growth Enterprise Market (GEM) at PSX. The GEM is in addition to PSX’s main board for listing and trading of equity securities.

AI

Navigating the Waves: How Big Tech’s AI Boom Impacts Water Consumption

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Introduction

In the era of rapid technological advancement, the rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has brought about a wave of innovation and transformation across various industries. However, behind the scenes of this AI boom lies a concerning issue – the significant water consumption by Big Tech companies to power their AI systems. This article delves into the environmental impact of AI on water resources, exploring the challenges and potential solutions in mitigating this growing concern.

1: The Growing Demand for AI and Its Environmental Impact
As AI technologies become more integrated into our daily lives, the demand for computing power has surged exponentially. Big Tech giants like Google, Amazon, and Microsoft rely heavily on data centres that consume vast amounts of water for cooling purposes. This surge in water usage raises questions about sustainability and environmental responsibility in the tech industry.

2: Unveiling the Water-Intensive Nature of Data Centers
Data centres are the backbone of AI infrastructure, housing servers that process and store massive amounts of data. These data centres require constant cooling to prevent overheating, leading to high water consumption. The cooling systems used in data centres contribute significantly to their water-intensive operations, exacerbating concerns over water scarcity and environmental impact.

3: The Environmental Consequences of Big Tech’s Water Consumption
The excessive water usage by Big Tech companies not only strains local water sources but also contributes to water pollution through runoff and discharge. This has far-reaching consequences on ecosystems, biodiversity, and communities that rely on these water resources for their livelihoods. The environmental footprint of AI-driven technologies extends beyond digital realms, highlighting the urgent need for sustainable practices in tech development.

4: Addressing the Water Consumption Dilemma: Sustainable Solutions
To tackle the water consumption dilemma associated with AI development, industry leaders and policymakers are exploring sustainable solutions. Implementing innovative cooling technologies, optimizing data centre efficiency, and investing in renewable energy sources are key strategies to reduce water usage and minimize environmental impact. Collaboration between stakeholders is crucial in driving meaningful change towards a more sustainable future for AI technologies.

5: Balancing Innovation with Environmental Responsibility
As we navigate the complexities of technological advancement, Big Tech companies must prioritize environmental responsibility alongside innovation. By adopting sustainable practices, investing in green technologies, and promoting transparency in water usage metrics, tech giants can lead by example in mitigating the environmental impact of AI development.

Conclusion:
The AI boom presents unprecedented opportunities for innovation and progress, but it also raises critical concerns about its environmental footprint. By shedding light on Big Tech’s water consumption practices and advocating for sustainable solutions, we can pave the way towards a more environmentally conscious approach to AI development. As we strive for technological advancement, let us not forget our responsibility to safeguard our planet’s precious resources for future generations.

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Crypto Crisis: $100 Billion Meltdown as Fed Warning Triggers Bitcoin and ETF Avalanche

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Introduction

The crypto world just experienced a tremor and not a mild one. A sudden price crash, fueled by a stern warning from the Federal Reserve, wiped out a staggering $100 billion from the global cryptocurrency market on Friday, sending Bitcoin and ETFs plunging, and dragging down Ethereum, XRP, and Solana in their wake.

Fed Unleashes a Shockwave:

The catalyst for this crypto carnage was a much-anticipated speech by Jerome Powell, Chair of the Federal Reserve. While his tone remained relatively dovish on interest rates, his remarks included a strong, clear message: cryptocurrencies “pose unique risks and vulnerabilities” and require heightened regulatory scrutiny. This unexpected emphasis on potential dangers, alongside calls for stricter oversight, sent shockwaves through the crypto ecosystem.

Bitcoin Leads the Tumble:

Bitcoin, the undisputed king of crypto, bore the brunt of the bearish onslaught. Prices plummeted 10% within hours, falling from a precarious $45,000 perch to below $40,000 for the first time since November 2023. This triggered a domino effect, cascading across the broader crypto market.

Crypto ETFs Experience Ripple Effect:

Bitcoin ETFs, once heralded as a gateway to mainstream adoption, became collateral damage in the crash. The ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO), the largest by volume, fell over 12%, mirroring the downward trajectory of its underlying asset. Other popular ETFs like Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) and Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) also suffered significant losses.

Altcoins Join the Descent:

Ethereum, the programmable blockchain platform often dubbed “the silver to Bitcoin’s gold,” wasn’t spared. Its price dipped below $3,000, shedding over 7% in value. Other major altcoins like XRP and Solana experienced similar downward spirals, reflecting the interconnectedness of the crypto market.

Unpacking the Panic:

Several factors converged to create this perfect storm:

  • Fed’s Cautious Optimism: While Powell’s speech didn’t announce any immediate policy changes, the underlying message of concern regarding crypto risks was enough to spook investors.
  • Overleveraged Positions: The recent surge in Bitcoin prices attracted leveraged investors, amplifying the volatility on both the upside and downside.
  • Technical Indicators: Technical analysis suggests Bitcoin was already facing bearish pressure, making it particularly vulnerable to a negative catalyst.

Beyond the Immediate Crisis:

The long-term implications of this crash remain uncertain. Some analysts believe it’s a mere correction after a rapid run-up in prices, while others fear it signifies a deeper bearish trend. This event could potentially have several wider repercussions:

  • Regulatory Crackdown: The Fed’s concerns might ignite increased regulatory scrutiny, hindering the nascent crypto industry’s growth.
  • Investor Confidence Shaken: The sharp and sudden losses could dent investor confidence, leading to further withdrawals and price erosion.
  • Market Consolidation: The shakeout might weed out weaker players, leaving the landscape dominated by established projects.

Navigating the Crypto Crossroads:

For investors navigating this turbulent time, caution and prudence are paramount. Diversification across asset classes, avoiding leverage, and adopting a long-term perspective can help mitigate risk. Understanding the underlying factors impacting the market and staying informed about regulatory developments are also crucial for informed decision-making.

The Future of Crypto: Uncertain, Yet Enduring

While the recent events cast a shadow on the crypto world, it’s important to remember that this is an industry accustomed to volatility. Previous booms and busts haven’t extinguished the underlying technological innovation and potential of blockchain technology. Whether this marks a temporary setback or a more significant shift in the crypto landscape remains to be seen. However, one thing is certain: the digital asset revolution is far from over, and its future trajectory will depend on the adaptability and resilience of both technology and investors alike.

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Business

Saudi Arabia Raises $2.81 Billion Through December Sukuk Issuance

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The National Debt Management Center (NDMC) of Saudi Arabia successfully concluded its December riyal-denominated sukuk issuance, raising a total of $2.81 billion (SR10.53 billion). This marks a significant increase compared to previous months, showcasing investor confidence in the Kingdom’s economy and its financial management.

Strong Investor Appetite:

The December sukuk issuance attracted strong investor appetite, with total bids reaching $3.77 billion (SR14.12 billion). This exceeded the initial target amount, indicating confidence in the Saudi Arabian government’s financial stability and prospects.

Issuance Structure:

The Sukuk issuance was divided into two tranches:

  • First Tranche: This tranche, valued at $1.39 billion (SR5.27 billion), matures in 2030.
  • Second Tranche: This larger tranche, valued at $1.42 billion (SR7.97 billion), matures in 2035.

Positive Sign for the Economy:

The successful sukuk issuance is seen as a positive sign for the Saudi Arabian economy. It demonstrates the Kingdom’s continued access to international capital markets and its ability to raise funds at competitive rates. This is particularly important as the country implements its Vision 2030 economic diversification plan.

“Saudi Arabia raised $2.81 billion through its December sukuk issuance.The issuance attracted strong investor appetite, exceeding the initial target amount.The success of the issuance is seen as a positive sign for the Saudi Arabian economy.The NDMC reiterated its commitment to sound financial management and diversifying its funding sources.”

NDMC Statement:

Commenting on the issuance, the NDMC stated: “The strong investor participation in the December sukuk issuance reflects confidence in the Kingdom’s economy and its commitment to sound financial management. We are committed to diversifying our funding sources and managing our debt portfolio responsibly to support the Kingdom’s continued economic growth and development.”

Looking Ahead:

The successful December sukuk issuance is expected to further boost investor confidence in Saudi Arabia and position the country well for future fundraising activities. With its ambitious economic diversification plans and strong financial management, the Kingdom is well-placed to weather any potential economic challenges in the years to come.

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