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Managing Human Resource in Multiple Environments: The Challenges and Possibilities

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Introduction: The Human Resource Management (HRM) is an academic theory and a business practice that is connected with the theoretical and practical techniques of managing a staff . its theoretical discipline is based primarily on the assumption that employees or the staff are individuals with changing goals and needs, and it should not be considered as basic business resources, such as trucks and filing cabinets.

 The workers take a positive view of Field thinking that all wish to contribute to the enterprise productively and that the main obstacles to their endeavours are lack of knowledge, insufficient training, and failures of process. The Human Resource Management is considered to be the part of a business or company which recruits, develops and utilizes an organization’s personnel in the way which would benefit the firm’s aims and objectives. It creates alignment between an organization’s HRM strategy and the core objectives of a business considered as essential.

Human Resource Management (HRM) is all about managing people, human capital and culture for business success. The human resources management (HRM) function includes a variety of activities, and key among them is deciding what staffing needs you have and whether to use independent contractors or hire employees to fill these needs, recruiting and training the best employees, ensuring they are high performers, dealing with performance issues, and ensuring your personnel and management practices conform to various regulations. Activities also include managing your approach to employee benefits and compensation, employee records and personnel policies.

Human Resource Management is seen by practitioners in the field as a more innovative view of workplace management than the traditional approach. The techniques force the managers of an enterprise to express their goals with specificity so that they can understand the workforce, and to provide the resources needed for them to accomplish their assignments. Thus Human Resource Management techniques, when properly practised, seem to be expressive of the goals and operating practices of the enterprise overall.

Nowadays, it has concerned synonyms such as personnel management are often used in a more restricted sense to describe those activities that are necessary for the recruiting of a workforce, providing its members with payroll and benefits, by which Staff is administered. These activities require regulatory knowledge and effort, and enterprises can benefit from the recruitment and development of personnel with these specific skills. Academic theory

Human Resource Management aims to help an organization or Institution to meet strategic goals by attracting, and maintaining employees and also to manage them effectively. The academic theory of Human Resource Management is that humans should not be considered machines. Therefore, we should have an interdisciplinary examination of people in the workplace. The Fields such as psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, sociology, and critical theories: postmodernism, post-structuralism play a major role. Many colleges and universities offer bachelor and master degrees in Human Resources Management.

The activities of Human resource managers are involved such as interviewing applicants, staff training, and dealing with laws and regulations within employment. Human Resource Management is composed of seven interlinked activities taking place with organizations.

The seven major HR management activities are given below:

  1. Strategic HR Management
  2. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
  3. Staffing
  4. HR Development
  5. Compensation and Benefits
  6. Health, Safety, & Security
  7. Employee & Labor Relations.

Within these activities, there are external forces involved such as legal, economic, technological, global, environmental, cultural/geographic, political, and social–which significantly affect HR activities and how they are designed, managed, and changed.

Resource Manager” and that is the only change. Empowerment has been noted as an HRM practice which by critics has been noted more as a pseudo-empowerment, based on attitudinal shaping Other such HRM practices have been noted as hidden within rhetoric, and many examples particularly within call centres are much more Orwellian, and hide the reality, through attitudinal shaping.

Today, unions remain a controversial topic. Under the provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act, the closed-shop arrangement states employees (outside the construction industry) are not required to join a union when they are hired. Union-shop arrangements permit employers to hire non-union workers contingent upon their joining the union once they are hired. The Taft-Hartley Act gives employers the right to file unfair labour practice complaints against the union and to express their views concerning unions.

The Human Capital: Carmeli, A and Schaubroeck, J argues that “having higher levels of human resources capital were strongly associated with performance only when top managers perceived that these resources provided distinctive value in terms of being highly valuable, inimitable, rare, and no substitutable”

For this reason, the motivation of employee is at the heart of how innovative and productive things get done within the work organization. Before studying the different ways to motivate, we have to give a clear definition of the word “motivation”. Bloisi, W argues that “motivation involves a conscious decision to perform one or more activities with a greater effort that one performs other activities competing for attention”.

Human capital is a way of defining and categorizing the skills and abilities as used unemployment and as they otherwise contribute to the economy. Many early economic theories refer to it simply as labour, one of three factors of production, and consider it to be a commodity — homogeneous and easily interchangeable. Other conceptions of labour are more sophisticated Origin of concept History

The term human capital was first discussed by Arthur Cecil Pigou: “There is such a thing as investment in human capital as well as investment in material capital. So soon as this is recognized, the distinction between the economy in consumption and economy in investment becomes blurred. For, up to a point, consumption is an investment in personal productive capacity. This is especially important in connection with children: to reduce unduly expenditure on their consumption may greatly lower their efficiency in after-life. Even for adults, after we have descended a certain distance along the scale of wealth so that we are beyond the region of luxuries and “unnecessary” comforts, a check to personal consumption is also a check to investment.

Global Presence of Companies: The global debate is on regarding the fair distribution of human capital between the countries. This points to the educated individuals, who typically migrate from poorer places or developing countries to richer places seeking opportunity, making ‘the rich richer and the poor poorer’. When these workers migrate, generally, their early care and education are benefited by the country where they move to work and live their lives. And, when they have health problems or retire, their care and retirement pension will typically be paid in the new country.

Historical HRM from 19th to 20th Centuries: During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, The Human Capital in the United States had become considerably more valuable as the need for skilled labour came with newfound technological advancement. These new techniques and processes also required further education than normally of primary schooling, which hence led to the creation of more formalized schooling across the nation.

The early insight into the need for education allowed for provided a Shift to US productivity and economic prosperity when compared to other world leaders at the time. The rights and freedom of individuals who travelled for the want of opportunity, despite some historical exceptions such as the Soviet bloc and its “Iron Curtain”, seem to consistently outweigh the rights of nation-states that nurture and educate them it’s worth mentioning that, the ability to have mobility with regards to where people want to move and work is a part of their human capital. They were able to move from one place to another.

HRM in Several Environments: Being increase in competition, locally or globally, organizations must become more adaptable, resilient, agile, and customer-focused to succeed. And within this change in environment, the HR professional has to evolve to become a strategic partner, an employee sponsor or advocate, and a change mentor within the organization. To succeed in this term, HR must be a business-driven function with a thorough understanding of the organization’s big picture and be able to influence key decisions and policies. The focus of today’s HR Manager is on strategic personnel retention and talents development.

 HR professionals can be e coaches, counsellors, mentors, and succession planners to help motivate an organization’s members and their loyalty. The HR manager will also have to promote and fight for values, ethics, beliefs, and spirituality within their organizations, especially in the management of workplace diversity as compared to the WorkForce of various states. Many companies now have realized the advantages of a diverse workplace.

 As many of them are going local in their market expansions either physically or virtually (for example, E-commerce-related companies), there is a necessity to employ diverse talents to understand the various niches of the market. If want to take the example of China when it was opening up its markets and exporting their products globally in the late 1980s, the Chinese companies (such as China’s electronic giants such as Hair) were seeking the marketing expertise of Singaporeans. This was due to Singapore’s marketing talents were able to understand the local China markets relatively well (almost 75% of Singaporeans are of Chinese descent) and as well as being attuned to the markets in the West due to Singapore’s open economic policies and English language abilities.

Similarly, if we take the Example of Microsoft a Global company and No1Software Company has some values to work in different environments. They are adaptable to any Culture or norms and rules of the Country because they employ the local Talent there besides their working capital already they have with. They rely on local Partners as entrepreneurs for their sales and marketing. In this Line, Google has done remarkable by establishing sites of Various Countries in their languages which have helped them to go forward and become the biggest advertising company for Web.

Billion of ads shown on site as ad words but the main thing they employ the Local talent for boosting their sales. Yahoo is also an International Company in competition with Google and Microsoft. But it shares went down due to improper Human Resource and improper understanding of the local markets of the Various Countries.

Conclusion: Finally, If the Human Resource Management Theory assessed globally, it has brought a revolution in outsourcing and hiring of the staff. It has opened the Vistas of talent and opened the doors of the talent to the Globe. Now opportunities are not limited to the particular Countries. The HRM has proved vital for the Biggest Companies such as Sony, Samsung, Motorola and LG also. They have the same phenomena of taking the products menus in the local languages to sell and market their Products through the Local Human Resource.

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Business

PwC Australia’s culture attacked in tax leak scandal report

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On September 27, 2023, PwC Australia released a report on the tax leak scandal that has rocked the firm in recent months. The report, which was conducted by former Telstra CEO Ziggy Switkowski, found that PwC’s culture had contributed to the scandal.

The report found that PwC’s culture was characterized by a focus on “growth at all costs” and a “win at all costs” mentality. This culture led to a number of problems, including:

  • Partners overlooking rule-breaking by ‘rainmaker’ colleagues in pursuit of revenue growth.
  • A failure to adequately supervise and train staff.
  • A lack of transparency and accountability.
  • A fear of speaking up about wrongdoing.

The report also found that PwC’s culture had led to the development of a “shadow culture” within the firm. This shadow culture was characterized by a number of unethical and unprofessional behaviours, including:

  • Backstabbing and sabotage.
  • Bullying and intimidation.
  • Discrimination and harassment.
  • The use of drugs and alcohol.

The report found that the shadow culture had contributed to the tax leak scandal by creating an environment in which employees were more likely to engage in unethical behaviour.

The Switkowski report made a number of recommendations for how PwC can improve its culture. These recommendations include:

  • Adopting a new set of values that emphasize integrity, transparency, and accountability.
  • Implementing new policies and procedures to prevent unethical behaviour.
  • Providing better training and supervision for staff.
  • Creating a more open and inclusive culture where employees feel comfortable speaking up about wrongdoing.

PwC has said that it will implement all of the recommendations in the Switkowski report. However, it will take time for the firm to change its culture. In the meantime, PwC needs to do more to convince its clients and the public that it is serious about addressing the problems that have been identified in the report.

The impact of PWC’s culture on the tax leak scandal

PwC’s culture played a significant role in the tax leak scandal. The firm’s focus on growth at all costs and its win-at-all-costs mentality created an environment in which employees were more likely to engage in unethical behaviour.

The shadow culture that developed within PwC also contributed to the scandal. This shadow culture was characterized by a number of unethical and unprofessional behaviours, such as backstabbing, sabotage, bullying, intimidation, discrimination, harassment, and the use of drugs and alcohol.

The shadow culture made it more difficult for ethical employees to speak up about wrongdoing. This is because ethical employees were often afraid of being retaliated against by their colleagues or their superiors.

As a result of PwC’s culture, the firm was unable to prevent the tax leak scandal from happening. The firm also failed to adequately respond to the scandal when it did occur.

What PwC can do to improve its culture?

PwC needs to take a number of steps to improve its culture. These steps include:

  • Adopting a new set of values that emphasize integrity, transparency, and accountability. PwC’s current values focus too much on growth and profits. The firm needs to adopt a new set of values that put ethics and the public interest first.
  • Implementing new policies and procedures to prevent unethical behaviour. PwC needs to implement new policies and procedures that make it more difficult for employees to engage in unethical behaviour. For example, the firm could implement a policy that requires all employees to report any suspected wrongdoing to their supervisor.
  • Providing better training and supervision for staff. PwC needs to provide better training and supervision for its staff on ethics and professional conduct. The firm also needs to create a culture where employees feel comfortable speaking up about wrongdoing without fear of retaliation.
  • Creating a more open and inclusive culture. PwC needs to create a more open and inclusive culture where employees feel comfortable speaking up about wrongdoing. The firm also needs to take steps to address the shadow culture that has developed within the firm.

Conclusion

PwC’s culture has contributed to the tax leak scandal that has rocked the firm in recent months. The firm’s focus on growth at all costs and its win-at-all-costs mentality created an environment in which employees were more likely to engage in unethical behavior.

The shadow culture that developed within PwC also contributed to the scandal. This shadow culture was characterized by a number of unethical and unprofessional behaviors, such as backstabbing, sabotage, bullying, intimidation, discrimination, harassment, and the use of drugs and alcohol.

PwC needs to take a number of steps to improve its culture. These steps include adopting a new set of values that emphasize integrity, transparency

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AI

Abu Dhabi Throws a Surprise Challenger into the AI Race

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an artist s illustration of artificial intelligence ai this image depicts how ai could adapt to an infinite amount of uses it was created by nidia dias as part of the visualising ai pr

Introduction

In the fast-paced world of artificial intelligence (AI), where Silicon Valley has long been the epicentre of innovation, a new contender has emerged from the Middle East to challenge the status quo. Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, has thrown a surprise challenger into the AI race, making significant strides in research, development, and investment in this transformative technology. This blog post explores how Abu Dhabi is positioning itself as a formidable player in the global AI landscape, and the implications of this unexpected development.

1. The Rise of Abu Dhabi in AI

Abu Dhabi, known for its opulent skyline and thriving oil industry, has been steadily diversifying its economy over the past decade. As part of its ambitious Vision 2030 plan, the Emirate has set its sights on becoming a global technology and innovation hub, and AI is central to this vision.

2. Investments in AI Infrastructure

One of the key reasons behind Abu Dhabi’s rapid rise in AI is its substantial investments in infrastructure. The establishment of world-class research centres and innovation hubs, such as the Abu Dhabi AI Institute (ADAI), has created an ecosystem conducive to AI development. These institutions collaborate with global AI leaders and attract top talent from around the world.

3. Strategic Partnerships

Abu Dhabi has also formed strategic partnerships with leading AI companies and organizations. These collaborations enable knowledge sharing and provide access to cutting-edge AI technologies. Notable partnerships include agreements with Google’s DeepMind and OpenAI, facilitating joint research projects and talent exchange programs.

4.AI Research and Development

Abu Dhabi’s commitment to AI goes beyond mere infrastructure and partnerships. The Emirate has actively engaged in groundbreaking research and development projects, contributing to AI advancements on a global scale.

5.Focus on Ethical AI

In a time when ethical concerns around AI are gaining prominence, Abu Dhabi has taken a proactive stance. The ADAI, in collaboration with international experts, is actively researching ethical AI frameworks, ensuring that AI technologies developed in the region align with global standards and values.

6.AI Applications

Abu Dhabi is also exploring diverse applications of AI across various sectors. From healthcare and finance to transportation and energy, AI is being integrated into existing industries to enhance efficiency and productivity. For example, AI-powered predictive maintenance in the oil and gas sector has significantly reduced downtime and maintenance costs.

7.AI in Government and Public Services

What sets Abu Dhabi apart is its integration of AI into government services and public infrastructure, leading to tangible benefits for its citizens and residents.

8. Smart City Initiatives

The Emirate’s Smart City initiatives leverage AI to enhance urban planning, transportation, and public safety. From traffic management systems that optimize traffic flow to AI-powered surveillance for enhanced security, Abu Dhabi is creating a safer and more efficient urban environment.

9. Healthcare Transformation

Abu Dhabi’s healthcare sector has witnessed a significant transformation through AI. The integration of AI in diagnosis and treatment planning has not only improved patient outcomes but also reduced healthcare costs. AI-driven telemedicine platforms are providing convenient and accessible healthcare services to the population.

10.AI Education and Talent Development

To fuel its AI ambitions, Abu Dhabi is heavily investing in education and talent development.

11. World-Class Universities

Abu Dhabi is home to several world-class universities, such as New York University Abu Dhabi and Khalifa University, which offer cutting-edge AI programs. These institutions attract top talent and produce graduates well-equipped to contribute to the AI field.

12. International Collaboration

Abu Dhabi’s AI institutes actively collaborate with leading global institutions to facilitate knowledge exchange and skill development. This collaboration extends to organizing international AI conferences, workshops, and hackathons, which foster innovation and creativity.

13.The Economic Impact of Abu Dhabi’s AI Push

Abu Dhabi’s AI initiatives are not only about technological advancement but also about economic diversification and sustainability.

14. Economic Diversification

Historically reliant on oil revenues, Abu Dhabi is proactively diversifying its economy. AI-driven industries, including technology startups and research-driven enterprises, are emerging as significant contributors to the Emirate’s GDP.

15. Job Creation

The AI sector in Abu Dhabi is creating a multitude of job opportunities for both Emiratis and expatriates. From AI researchers and data scientists to software engineers and AI ethics experts, there is a growing demand for talent in various AI-related roles.

16. Challenges and Future Prospects

Despite its rapid progress, Abu Dhabi faces several challenges on its AI journey.

17. Global Competition

Abu Dhabi’s entrance into the AI race means it competes with established players like the United States, China, and Europe. Maintaining competitiveness in this highly dynamic field will require sustained investments and innovation.

18. Ethical Concerns

As AI technologies continue to advance, ethical considerations become increasingly important. Abu Dhabi must navigate complex ethical questions and ensure that AI development adheres to global standards.

Conclusion

Abu Dhabi’s surprise emergence as a challenger in the global AI race is a testament to its commitment to innovation, economic diversification, and sustainable development. Through investments in infrastructure, research, and talent development, the Emirate has rapidly positioned itself as a significant player in the AI landscape. While challenges lie ahead, Abu Dhabi’s dedication to ethical AI and its strategic approach to partnerships and collaborations make it a formidable contender in shaping the future of artificial intelligence. As the AI race continues to evolve, Abu Dhabi’s contributions are sure to play a pivotal role in shaping the industry’s trajectory.

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Business

10 Business Development Tips for Prospective Entrepreneurs

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Introduction

Starting a business can be an exciting and fulfilling journey. However, it can also be challenging and uncertain, especially for prospective entrepreneurs. To help you navigate the world of business development and increase your chances of success, we have compiled 10 essential tips for aspiring entrepreneurs like yourself. Whether you are launching a startup or looking to grow an existing business, these tips will steer you in the right direction.

1. Start with a Solid Business Plan

A well-crafted business plan is the foundation of any successful business venture. It outlines your mission, vision, and objectives, and includes a detailed analysis of your target market, competition, and financial projections. A solid business plan will guide your decisions, help you secure funding, and keep you on track as you navigate the challenges of entrepreneurship.

2. Understand Your Target Market

To effectively develop and market your products or services, you need a deep understanding of your target market. Conduct market research to identify your ideal customer profile, their needs, pain points, and purchasing behaviour. This knowledge will enable you to tailor your offerings to meet their demands and gain a competitive advantage.

3. Build a Strong Online Presence

In today’s digital age, building a strong online presence is crucial for attracting customers and growing your business. Create a professional website that is user-friendly and visually appealing. Optimize it for search engines to increase your visibility online. Engage with your target audience through compelling content, social media marketing, and email newsletters. Leverage the power of online advertising to reach a wider audience.

4. Foster Innovation and Adaptability

Innovation is key to staying ahead in a rapidly evolving business landscape. Encourage a culture of innovation within your organization by promoting creativity, empowering employees to share ideas, and rewarding entrepreneurial thinking. Additionally, remain adaptable and open to change. Be willing to pivot your strategies based on market feedback and emerging trends.

5. Develop Strong Networking Skills

Networking plays a vital role in business development. Building relationships with industry professionals, potential customers, and other entrepreneurs can open doors to new opportunities, partnerships, and collaborations. Attend industry events, join business organizations, and engage in online communities to expand your network. Remember, meaningful connections can lead to valuable insights and growth opportunities.

6. Focus on Customer Relationship Management

Delivering exceptional customer experiences and building strong relationships is crucial for business success. Treat your customers as your most valuable asset. Provide personalized and prompt customer support, listen to their feedback, and continuously improve your products or services to meet their expectations. Happy and satisfied customers become loyal advocates who can drive further growth through word-of-mouth referrals.

7. Invest in Continuous Learning

The world of business is constantly evolving. To stay ahead of the curve, invest in continuous learning. Attend workshops, conferences, and seminars to acquire new knowledge and skills. Take advantage of online resources, industry publications, and podcasts to stay updated on the latest trends, developments, and best practices in your field. As an entrepreneur, your ability to adapt and grow is crucial to long-term success.

8. Seek Mentorship and Guidance

Seeking the guidance of experienced mentors can provide invaluable insights and support throughout your entrepreneurial journey. Look for mentors who have experience in your industry or have successfully built businesses themselves. Their advice and guidance can help you avoid common pitfalls, make better decisions, and accelerate your business growth.

9. Embrace Strategic Partnerships

Strategic partnerships can be a powerful catalyst for business development. Look for complementary businesses or individuals with whom you can collaborate to achieve mutual growth and shared objectives. By leveraging each other’s strengths, you can access new markets, expand your customer base, and jointly develop innovative products or services.

10. Prioritize Self-Care and Well-being

Entrepreneurship can be demanding and stressful, often leading to burnout if not managed properly. Prioritize self-care and well-being to maintain your physical and mental health. Establish work-life balance, practice stress management techniques, and surround yourself with a supportive network of family, friends, and peers. Remember, taking care of yourself is essential for your long-term success as an entrepreneur.

Conclusion

These 10 business development tips provide a solid foundation for prospective entrepreneurs looking to embark on their entrepreneurial journeys. By starting with a solid business plan, understanding the market, building a strong online presence, fostering innovation, developing networking skills, focusing on customer relationships, investing in continuous learning, seeking mentorship, embracing partnerships, and prioritizing self-care, you can equip yourself with the tools and knowledge needed to thrive in the competitive world of business. Remember, perseverance, passion, and a willingness to adapt are key ingredients for entrepreneurial success. Good luck with your exciting business development journey!

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