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Internet: A luxury or necessity

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The internet is the world’s largest computer network, linking millions of computers. It has become an integral part of our daily lives. The effective use of the internet makes our lives easier, faster, and simpler. It is critical to understand that the Internet is a global network of physical cabling, which can include copper telephone wires, television cables, and fiber optic cables. Even wireless connections, such as Wi-Fi and 3G/4G, rely on physical cords to connect to the Internet.

The internet provides us with facts and data, as well as information and knowledge, to aid in our personal, social, and economic development. All of this is possible by connecting a computer to the Internet, generally known as going online. When someone says a computer is online, it simply means it is linked to the Internet. The internet can be used for a variety of purposes; however, how we utilize the internet in our daily lives is determined by our particular needs and goals. It’s no secret that the internet is becoming an increasingly important part of our daily lives.

Problem statement

The Internet not only became one of the most widely utilized commodities, but it also improved dramatically, becoming the most marketable entity since then. We used to live without the internet, just as we used to live without electricity but in the contemporary it is unimaginable. A huge number of researches have been done on the importance of internet, it’s role in our lives  but my research is specifically focused on how has the pandemic highlighted that the internet is no longer a luxury but a necessity in today’s world.

Objective

Theoretically, the purpose of this study is to determine the following research objectives:

  • To assess the importance of  Internet
  • To analyse that the internet is no longer a luxury but a necessity in today’s world

Research question

How has the pandemic highlighted that the internet is no longer a luxury but a necessity?

Literature review

The literature is based on detailed analysis of internet and the use of internet in our lives. The importance of internet has been discussed in various research papers. Based on available literature, it is critical to expand knowledge in this area. As a result, this study is proposed to be a comprehensive study based on detailed analysis of how the internet is not a luxury anymore and how it has become a necessity, as the pandemic has proved.

Methodology

To achieve this research’s major objectives, I have used an interpretive approach that focused on the importance of internet in our lives that has been highlighted during the pandemic and has changed the perception of humans about the access to the internet. The research is deductive in nature as it examines the data which is qualitative and narrative in nature and it is obtained from the credible secondary sources consisted of official documents, academic studies, articles and reports.

Research Analysis

There are some things in life that we perceive to be a necessary part of our daily lives. However, a few years ago, the same things were either non-existent or viewed as luxury rather than a necessity – the internet being one of them. Internet access is a basic requirement of modern life for me and most individuals I know. When the internet first arrived in Pakistan in the 1990s, it was not only pricey, but many people predicted that it would not remain long owing to its complexities.

Fortunately, they were all incorrect. The Internet not only became one of the most widely utilized commodities, but it also improved dramatically, becoming the most marketable entity since then. We used to live without the internet, just as we used to live without electricity or indoor plumbing back in the days, but life with each of these things is so much better than life without them that we all agree that everyone should have them. But from 2000’s the internet has become critical for day-to-day tasks.

It is the only way we can communicate with and care for close friends and family living far away, most of the institutions have started providing services online, For example, if we want to take admission in a university, we will have to fill an online application form, but it is only possible if we have internet access. So now, we have compelling reasons to recognize a right to Internet access. If there was any doubt about how important internet access is, the current coronavirus outbreak might has eliminated it.

 When the COVID-19 pandemic broke out earlier this year, much of the world went online, hastening a decades-long digital change. Children with at-home Internet access began attending class remotely; many employees began working from home. Universities also moved teaching and tutoring online, which has produced issues for students who do not have or do not have enough Internet connectivity. During the pandemic, most people could only work if they can do so online. Those who do not have access to the Internet are unable to apply for jobs that need them to work online. Working and learning from home, have all been made possible by the internet. Seeing friends and going to the doctor without exposing yourself or others became possible during the lockdown because of the access to the internet. The world  recognized that the unavailability of internet is a dilemma for people and states.

Furthermore, practicing political rights like as free speech and free assembly are only feasible virtually under quarantine. Access to politically relevant information, such as scientific research and other information that helps citizens to form their own opinions about how the government is handling the pandemic, is also important. These examples demonstrate that the Internet provides critical infrastructure for many essential activities in the current pandemic. In such a context, a lack of effective internet access jeopardizes individual liberties and is thus particularly a serious social concern. Our dependence on internet during the coronavirus crisis has reshaped how we will act once the pandemic has passed. The real lesson is that we have made the internet an essential element of our personal and professional life. This isn’t about to change. The pandemic has introduced a new narrative or worldview in which we rely on the internet to bring economic and social activities to us rather than us going to them.

So  access to Internet is not only one of the most visible, but also one of the most shocking inequities shown by COVID-19.This  might surprise you but even in developed countries, internet availability is frequently less than you might expect. Take, for example, the United States. More than 6% of the population (21 million people) do not have access to the Internet. In Australia, this figure is 13%. Even in the richest countries, the internet cannot keep everyone connected. In addition, 3.7 billion individuals do not have access to the internet. The vast majority live in underdeveloped countries. More than one billion children worldwide are currently barred from attending school due to quarantine procedures. Even though teachers hold daily online lessons, many of these children are unable to participate due to the unavailability of Internet.

When we say internet access is a necessity not a luxury, this narrative is also supported by the increase in  number of internet users over time.  Since 2005 to 2019 there has been a sharp increase in the penetration of internet.

According to Statista’s report, the statistics of internet penetration globally are as follows:

Number of internet users worldwide from 2005 to 2019 (fig 1)

There were 4.66 billion active internet users globally in January 2021, accounting for 59.5 percent of the global population. 92.6 percent (4.32 billion) of this total accessed the internet. A world without the internet is now unthinkable. Now the internet, which connects billions of people globally, is a key pillar of the modern world.

The focus on the pandemic should not cause us to lose sight of how important the Internet has become during normal days as well. Online access has become part of the routine to the majority of us. Every day, we utilize the Internet for a variety of purposes, both significant and insignificant. Most of us couldn’t fathom working or communicating with loved ones without it. This is not the case for a large percentage of people. A reclaimable right to basic internet access would significantly improve their lives. Along with the daily use, Covid-19 pandemic has demonstrated unequivocally that the Internet is no longer a luxury, a convenient addition to those who can afford it. Internet access, on the other hand, has become a basic requirement. All we need to do is shift our perception of internet access from a luxury to a necessity.

Recommendations and Conclusion

To sum up everything that has been discussed so far it is past time for us to acknowledge the fundamental relevance of internet access. It is the right time to value internet access in the same way that we value electricity, drinking water, and paved roads. Each is necessary for a healthy and prosperous society, which is why we spend so much money to make these requirements available across the country. To be sure, the problem of providing and regulating inexpensive internet access for everyone is complex and costly, but it is not impossible. Governments should work on making the availability and affordability of internet a possibility for the people- because there is no denying to this; that in the contemporary world the access to internet has become a necessity.

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Unveiling the Digital Evolution: Web2 vs. Web3 – Understanding the Shift Towards Decentralization and Blockchain

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Introduction:

The transition from Web2 to Web3 marks a significant paradigm shift in the ever-evolving Internet landscape. Web2, characterized by centralized platforms like Facebook and Google, is giving way to Web3, a new era embracing decentralization and blockchain technology. This article delves into the differences between Web2 and Web3, exploring the implications of this digital evolution on our online experiences and interactions.

Understanding Web2:

Web2, the current internet era, is dominated by centralized platforms that control and shape our online activities. Companies like Facebook, Google, and Amazon have established themselves as giants, offering services that rely on centralized servers and databases to function. Users interact with these platforms through interfaces designed and controlled by the companies, giving rise to concerns over data privacy, censorship, and control.

The Rise of Web3:

Web3 represents a departure from the centralized model of Web2, embracing decentralization and blockchain technology. In Web3, users have greater control over their data and digital identities, thanks to decentralized networks that operate without a central authority. Blockchain, the underlying technology powering Web3, enables secure and transparent transactions, smart contracts, and decentralized applications (dApps).

Key Differences Between Web2 and Web3:

Centralization vs. Decentralization:

One of the fundamental distinctions between Web2 and Web3 is the approach to centralization. Web2 relies on centralized servers and platforms controlled by a single entity, while Web3 operates on decentralized networks where power is distributed among participants. This shift towards decentralization in Web3 promotes transparency, security, and user empowerment.

Data Ownership and Privacy:

In Web2, users often surrender their data to centralized platforms, which can lead to privacy concerns and data breaches. Web3, on the other hand, prioritizes data ownership and privacy by leveraging blockchain technology to give users control over their personal information. This shift empowers individuals to manage and monetize their data securely.

Trust and Security:

Centralized platforms in Web2 require users to trust the platform provider with their data and transactions. In Web3, trust is established through decentralized consensus mechanisms, such as blockchain’s immutability and transparency. This enhanced security model in Web3 reduces the risk of fraud, censorship, and manipulation, fostering a more trustworthy digital environment.

Implications of Web3 Adoption:

Decentralized Finance (DeFi):

Web3 has paved the way for decentralized finance (DeFi) applications that offer financial services without intermediaries. DeFi platforms leverage blockchain technology to enable peer-to-peer transactions, lending, borrowing, and trading, revolutionizing the traditional financial sector.

NFTs and Digital Ownership:

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have gained popularity in the Web3 space, allowing users to tokenize and trade unique digital assets. From digital art to virtual real estate, NFTs enable creators to establish ownership rights and monetize their creations securely and transparently.

Decentralized Social Networks:

Web3 is fostering the development of decentralized social networks that prioritize user privacy, content ownership, and censorship resistance. These platforms aim to empower users by giving them control over their data and interactions, challenging the centralized model of social media in Web 2.

Conclusion:

The transition from Web2 to Web3 represents a transformative shift in the digital landscape, emphasizing decentralization, blockchain technology, and user empowerment. As we embrace the principles of Web3, we are moving towards a more transparent, secure, and inclusive Internet ecosystem that prioritizes data ownership, privacy, and trust. By understanding the differences between Web2 and Web3, we can navigate this digital evolution with awareness and adaptability, shaping the future of the Internet for generations to come.

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LinkedIn Lays Off 668 Employees Amid Slowing Hiring Activity

Introduction In a move that reflects the broader economic downturn, LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional networking site, announced the layoff of 668 employees across its engineering, talent, and finance teams. This second round of job cuts in 2023 comes as the company faces a slowdown in hiring activity and a decline in advertising revenue. Impact […]

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linkedin job search app on an iphone

Introduction

In a move that reflects the broader economic downturn, LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional networking site, announced the layoff of 668 employees across its engineering, talent, and finance teams. This second round of job cuts in 2023 comes as the company faces a slowdown in hiring activity and a decline in advertising revenue.

Impact of Layoffs

The layoffs, affecting more than 3% of LinkedIn’s global workforce, are a significant blow to the company and its employees. The affected individuals will undoubtedly face challenges in finding new employment amidst a tightening job market.

Reasons for Layoffs

Several factors have contributed to LinkedIn’s decision to reduce its workforce. The company cited a slowdown in hiring activity, a decline in advertising revenue, and the need to streamline operations to remain competitive in a challenging economic environment.

Wider Implications

The layoffs at LinkedIn are not an isolated incident. The technology sector, in general, has been experiencing a wave of job cuts as companies grapple with economic uncertainty and shifting market conditions. This trend is likely to continue in the near future, posing challenges for both employers and employees in the tech industry.

LinkedIn’s Response

LinkedIn has acknowledged the impact of the layoffs on its employees and has committed to providing them with severance packages and outplacement services. The company has also expressed its intention to continue investing in its core business and to emerge stronger from this period of economic uncertainty.

Conclusion

The layoffs at LinkedIn serve as a reminder of the volatile nature of the tech industry and the broader economy. While the company faces immediate challenges, it remains optimistic about its long-term prospects and is committed to adapting to the changing landscape.

FAQs

Q: How many employees were laid off by LinkedIn?

A: LinkedIn laid off 668 employees, representing more than 3% of its global workforce.

Q: Which departments were affected by the layoffs?

A: The layoffs primarily impacted LinkedIn’s engineering, talent, and finance teams.

Q: What are the reasons for the layoffs?

A: LinkedIn attributed the layoffs to a slowdown in hiring activity, a decline in advertising revenue, and the need to streamline operations in a challenging economic environment.

Q: How will the layoffs affect the company and its employees?

A: The layoffs will undoubtedly impact LinkedIn’s operations and morale, while the affected employees will face challenges in finding new employment.

Q: What is LinkedIn doing to support the laid-off employees?

A: LinkedIn is providing severance packages and outplacement services to assist the affected employees in their job search.

Q: What are the broader implications of the layoffs in the tech industry?

A: The layoffs at LinkedIn reflect a wider trend of job cuts in the tech sector as companies adapt to economic uncertainty and shifting market conditions.

Q: What is LinkedIn’s outlook for the future?

A: Despite the immediate challenges, LinkedIn remains optimistic about its long-term prospects and is committed to adapting to the changing economic landscape.

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Closure of Microsoft’s Activision Deal Approaches as British Approval Nears

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Introduction

In a groundbreaking move that could reshape the landscape of the gaming industry, Microsoft is closing in on a deal to acquire Activision Blizzard, one of the world’s largest and most influential video game companies. This monumental acquisition has been making headlines worldwide, and the recent signal of approval from Britain has added a significant chapter to the unfolding story.

With an ever-growing appetite for gaming content and an expanding portfolio of successful gaming-related ventures, Microsoft’s acquisition of Activision is poised to be a game-changer. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the details of this historic deal, its potential impact on the gaming industry, and what it means for gamers and investors alike.

The Microsoft-Activision Deal: A Closer Look

Microsoft’s pursuit of Activision Blizzard has been anything but subtle. The tech giant, known for its Windows operating system, Xbox gaming consoles, and cloud services, has been on a mission to bolster its presence in the gaming world. The proposed acquisition of Activision Blizzard, a gaming behemoth responsible for iconic titles like “Call of Duty,” “World of Warcraft,” and “Candy Crush,” represents a significant step towards achieving this goal.

As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, the deal was valued at a staggering $68.7 billion. However, keep in mind that figures might have evolved since then, as such deals tend to be dynamic and subject to regulatory approvals.

The British Regulatory Signal

One of the crucial developments in this ongoing saga was the signal of approval from Britain’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA). In February 2023, the CMA announced that it had no competition concerns regarding the proposed acquisition. This decision is pivotal, as it indicates a significant step towards the deal’s completion.

The CMA’s approval comes after months of rigorous scrutiny, where they assessed the potential impacts of the merger on competition in the gaming industry. The fact that Britain, a major player in the global gaming market, has signalled approval underscores the deal’s global implications.

Why This Deal Matters

  1. Consolidation of Power: The gaming industry has witnessed a trend of consolidation in recent years, with big players acquiring smaller studios and publishers. Microsoft’s acquisition of Activision Blizzard is arguably the most significant move in this direction, giving them even more control over a vast array of popular gaming franchises.
  2. Content Is King: In today’s gaming landscape, content is king. Microsoft is not just acquiring a company; it’s acquiring a treasure trove of iconic game franchises. “Call of Duty,” “World of Warcraft,” and “Candy Crush” are household names in gaming, and they have the potential to be leveraged across various Microsoft platforms and services.
  3. Expanding the Xbox Ecosystem: Microsoft’s Xbox ecosystem is about more than just gaming consoles; it encompasses PC gaming, cloud gaming via Xbox Cloud Gaming (formerly known as Project xCloud), and Xbox Game Pass. The acquisition of Activision Blizzard adds a plethora of content to this ecosystem, making it even more attractive to gamers.
  4. Competition and Regulatory Scrutiny: The gaming industry is no stranger to regulatory scrutiny. As gaming companies grow in size and influence, concerns about competition, consumer rights, and data privacy become more pronounced. The CMA’s decision to approve the Microsoft Activision deal is a significant marker in the ongoing conversation about regulating the gaming industry.
  5. Impact on Competitors: The Microsoft-Activision deal could have far-reaching consequences for competitors like Sony, Nintendo, and other major gaming studios. It could lead to more exclusive titles for Xbox platforms, potentially tilting the balance in the console wars.

Impact on Gamers

For gamers, this acquisition raises a myriad of questions and possibilities. Here are some key aspects to consider:

  1. Exclusive Titles: Historically, exclusive titles have been a major driver of console sales. With Microsoft’s acquisition of Activision, we could see more iconic franchises becoming Xbox exclusives. This could be a double-edged sword, offering exciting content to Xbox gamers but potentially leaving others in the cold.
  2. Cross-Platform Play: Microsoft has been a proponent of cross-platform play, allowing gamers on different consoles and PCs to play together. This acquisition might further push this agenda, leading to a more interconnected gaming world.
  3. Subscription Services: Microsoft’s Xbox Game Pass, a subscription service that offers access to a vast library of games, could benefit immensely from the addition of Activision’s titles. Gamers may see more blockbuster titles available through this service, providing incredible value for subscribers.
  4. Innovation: With Microsoft’s deep pockets and commitment to innovation, we might see advancements in gaming technology and experiences. Cloud gaming, virtual reality, and augmented reality are all areas that Microsoft has been exploring, and the acquisition of Activision could accelerate these endeavours.
  5. Long-Term Impact: While this deal may lead to exciting developments in the short term, gamers should also consider the long-term effects. How will the industry evolve, and how will this deal shape the gaming landscape for years to come?

Impact on Investors

Investors, too, are closely watching this deal and its potential repercussions. Here are some points to consider:

  1. Stock Market Dynamics: The stock prices of both Microsoft and Activision Blizzard have been affected by news and developments related to this acquisition. Investors need to keep a close eye on market trends and expert analyses to make informed decisions.
  2. Potential for Growth: If the acquisition is successful, Microsoft’s gaming division could experience significant growth. This could be reflected in the company’s stock performance and dividends.
  3. Risks and Uncertainties: Like any major acquisition, this deal comes with risks and uncertainties. Regulatory hurdles, integration challenges, and market dynamics could impact the investment’s success.
  4. Diversification: For investors with holdings in the gaming industry, this acquisition could lead to a more concentrated portfolio. Diversification strategies may need to be adjusted accordingly.
  5. Industry Trends: This deal is a reflection of broader trends in the technology and entertainment industries. Understanding these trends can help investors anticipate future opportunities and challenges.

Conclusion

Microsoft’s imminent acquisition of Activision Blizzard is a game-changing development in the gaming industry. The recent signal of approval from Britain’s CMA is a significant step towards the deal’s completion, but it’s not the end of the story. The impact of this acquisition will reverberate through the gaming world, affecting gamers, investors, competitors, and the industry as a whole.

As the gaming industry continues to evolve, it’s crucial for all stakeholders to stay informed and adapt to the changing landscape. The Microsoft-Activision deal is just one chapter in the ongoing saga of innovation, competition, and creativity that defines the world of gaming. How this story unfolds will be watched with bated breath by millions of gamers and investors worldwide, eager to see what the future holds for their favourite pastime and its key players.

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